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    From Tehelka Magazine, Vol 9, Issue 28, Dated 14 July 2012
    CURRENT AFFAIRS  
    RIVER INTERRUPTED

    Ganga Burdened

    THE CURSE OF THE TRIBUTARIES
    Nearly 60 percent of the Ganga’s water comes from its many tributaries, which also add to the river’s burden, says Brijesh Pandey

    Click to zoom

    Graphic: Sudeep Chaudhuri

    YAMUNA

    Origin Yamunotri Glacier, Uttarakhand
    Length 1,376 KM
    Meets The Ganga At Sangam in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
    Pollution Laden with Delhi’s biological and chemical waste, coliform levels at Okhla Barrage are 30,000 MPN/100 ML*

    *MPN: MOST PROBABLE NUMBER, SHOULD BE <50 MPN*/100 ML FOR DRINKING

    GOMTI

    Origin Gomat Taal, Pilibhit, Uttar Pradesh
    Length 600 KM
    Meets The Ganga At Ghazipur, Uttar Pradesh
    Pollution Over 30 drains in the Lucknow area discharge untreated sewage into the Gomti. As the river flows through Lucknow, Sultanpur, Jaunpur, besides several other big and small towns, domestic sewage as well as industrial effluents from sugar factories and distilleries, are dumped into the Gomti


    DAMODAR

    Origin Palamu, Jharkhand
    Length 600 KM
    Meets The Ganga At Hooghly, West Bengal
    Pollution Caused due to industrial waste discharge along the mineral rich banks

    MAHANANDA

    Origin Darjeeling, West Bengal
    Length 360 KM
    Meets The Ganga At Godagiri, Bangladesh
    Pollution A large quantity of the sewage of the Siliguri Corporation is emptied into the river


    GHAGHARA

    Origin Greater Himalayas at Kalapani
    Length 323 KM
    Meets The Ganga At Doriganj in Bihar
    Pollution In terms of volume, it is the largest tributary of the Ganga contributing close to 16 percent of the total flow

    SON

    Origin Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh
    Length 784 KM
    Meets The Ganga At Near Patna
    Pollution Son is one of the largest rivers in India and, perhaps, the largest southern tributary of the Ganga


    KOSI

    Origin Transnational river flowing through Nepal and India
    Length 729 KM
    Meets The Ganga At Kosi is the third largest tributary of the Ganga and is also known as the “sorrow of Bihar” for the widespread human suffering it causes due to flooding and frequently changing its course

    GANDAK

    Origin At the confluence called Triveni on the Indo-Nepal border
    Length 300 KM
    Meets The Ganga At Sonepur, near Patna
    Pollution The Gandak river basin is reported to contain 1,025 glaciers and 338 lakes. These contribute substantially to the lean season flows of the river


    OTHER DARK SPOTS

    GANGA NAHAR Jagdishpur Sewage Treatment Plant, Haridwar
    CHUHIYA Paper mills, chemical industries, Bijnor
    RAMGANGA Sewage, as well as solid and industrial waste generated by human and economic activity along its banks in Bareilly
    KALI Flowing through Meerut and Muzaffarnagar, the river is a significant source of toxic effluents

    13 NUMBER OF MAJOR GANGA TRIBUTARIES

    ATRAI | BHILANGNA | BURHI GANDAK DAMODAR | GANDAK | GHAGHARA | GOMTI | KOSI | MAHANANDA | RAMGANGA | SON | TAMSA | YAMUNA

    Rewati Raman Singh

    ‘YAMUNA IS the most polluting tributary of the Ganga. Perfluorinated compounds, a dangerous micro pollutant, is found in the Ganga after the Yamuna merges with the river. There is a dramatic rise in this chemical after the rivers come together; it clearly means that the Yamuna water is highly contaminated. We did a study from Delhi to Allahabad, and it shows that the Yamuna is definitely adding to the pollution in the Ganga’

    RK Sinha, Member, NGRBA


    Rajendra Singh

    ‘DUE TO coal-based industries, washeries, iron and steel plants, the river is abused, misused and forgotten because of wrong practices’

    Kalyan Rudra, Adviser to the West Bengal Government on Environmental Affairs

    BARRAGES ALSO TO BLAME
    Besides the pollution by the tributaries, barrages built on these rivers also decrease the flow, thereby, polluting the Ganga further. There are two barrages on the Sharda, the Tanakpur Sharda Barrage and Lakhimpur Kheri Barrage. At Girjapuri, there is the Lower Sharda Barrage. The Gandak and the Kosi barrages are located at the India-Nepal border.

    A Six-Part Series

    1/6 Holy river Unholy mess

    2/6 Polluted: River Turned Into A Drain

    3/6 Choked: A River Encroached

    4/6 Burdened: Curse Of The Tributaries

    5/6 Gapped: Big Scheme, Small Result

    6/6 Awakened: Importance Of A Lifeline


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    From Tehelka Magazine, Vol 9, Issue 28, Dated 14 July 2012
 

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