Tehelka Magazine, Vol 5, Issue 11, Dated Mar 22, 2008
Masti Ki Pathashala
A celebrated school
for Wayanad’s Adivasi children has now been handed to old students
to run, writes KA SHAJI
KANAVU MEANS dream.
And a dream it was for writer-turned activist KJ Baby when he first thought
of a school exclusively for Adivasi children that would not only educate
them, but also cultivate a sense of pride in themselves. The dream turned
into reality about 15 years back when ‘Kanavu’ was started in a cluster
of thatched structures on six acres of land donated by a trust in Wayanad
district of North Kerala. As many as 60 tribal children started their
knowledge expedition there, a possibility that would have been unthinkable
in the past, when landlords and settlers held their clan in bondage.
Kanavu nestles on
the picturesque Cheengode hills of Wayanad, which has a high concentration
of Adivasis. Along with his activist wife Shirley and their two children,
Baby lived here with the adivasi children, using the institution as a
means to reach into the recesses of their psyche and tap the latent genius
of the community. But they soon faced difficulties when they lost the
support of the trust that had provided the land and basic requirements.
Funding became a problem, especially since Baby stubbornly refused offers
from funding agencies with questionable credentials.
But over the years,
Kanavu turned into a success, acquiring a reputation among researchers
and academics even at an international level as a model for imparting
knowledge to tribal communities. Last month, Kanavu created history again,
when Baby announced that he would be handing over administration of the
institution to a body consisting of young people from the first batch
that passed out of the institution.
Mangloo, a Paniya
girl, and Santhosh, a Mullukuruma boy, are now the managing trustees of
Kanavu, and personally supervise all of the school’s activities including
teaching. Now in their mid-twenties, both had shown exemplary leadership
qualities from the time they were his students, says Baby. According to
Santhosh, the school intentionally discards conventional practices; there
is no classroom, no syllabus. “We want to prove that Adivasi kids are
capable of learning the same skills as children in mainstream society.
For that, we must first teach them to respect themselves,” says Santhosh.
“Today Kanavu is the only institution of its kind in the country that
has no non-Adivasi influence,’’ says Mangloo.
Throughout its existence,
Kanavu never lost sight of its original purpose. Its primary concern still
is to help its hundred-odd students to overcome the ugly legacy of a history
of bondage. The children are encouraged to confront their past not through
textbooks but by invoking examples drawn from the life of the community.
Tribal folk songs and rituals form the core of the effort to reinforce
their sense of identity. The next step is to initiate them into the process
of developing skills, whether in music, painting, dance, theatre or martial
arts. Skills in farming are also given high priority as an example of
a gainful traditional occupation.
children are also trained to sit for competitive exams as well. “We don’t
follow a question-answer format, but our children are grounded in the
basics,” says Santosh. Yet, the objective is not to produce a generation
of students obsessed with passing exams but to build the children’s self-confidence.
Coming from disparate Adivasi groups with a history of mutual hostility,
they are taught the need to rise above divisive tendencies.
These objectives are
woven into the school’s daily regimen. The students are divided into groups
that are then allotted daily chores. The day starts with lessons in kalaripayattu,
the traditional martial art of Kerala. Training in music and classical
dance take up the postlunch phase, followed by academic instruction, often
provided by visiting teachers. Scientific awareness is inculcated by stimulating
interest in the local environment, supplemented later by books, slides
One fact that particularly
strikes a visitor to Kanavu is the ease with which even the younger students
speak multiple languages. Several Adivasi children who completed their
education in Kanavu now work with organisations in places as far as Ahmedabad
and Bangalore. Kanavu students have a formidable reputation as performers
of traditional tribal dances and folk songs. And it’s literally song and
dance that sustains Kanavu, for the school follows the gurukul system
where teachers live with students and receive no remuneration. Proceeds
from performances are just enough for the school to balance its budget.
Baby is busy dreaming
new dreams these days, but despite his absence, Kanavu is still making
waves. It continues to draw attention from experts and officials as a
model institution that uses innovative teaching methods and has a visible
impact on a group that has for long remained on the fringes of society.